Yoga in India

“The origins of yoga have been speculated to date back to pre-Vedic Indian traditions; it is mentioned in the Rigveda, but most likely developed around the sixth and fifth centuries BCE, in ancient India’s ascetic and śramaṇa movements. The chronology of earliest texts describing yoga-practices is unclear, varyingly credited to Upanishads. The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali date from the first half of the 1st millennium CE, but only gained prominence in the West in the 20th century. Hatha yoga texts emerged around the 11th century with origins in tantra.” – Wikipedia


“KAMOD RAGINI. Northern India or Deccan, circa 1620-1640. From a Ragamala series, a young yogi seated on a leopard skin in a landscape with flowering trees in the background, mounted on card with blue and yellow margins. Miniature 7 5/8 x 4 7/8in. (19.4 x 12.4cm.). Provenance Sundaram, Delhi, 1967.” Date: between 1620 and 1640 Source:

“The Sanskrit noun yoga translates to (and is cognate with) English “yoke”. It is derived from the root yuj “to attach, join, harness, yoke”.” – Wikipedia


Female Ascetics (Yoginis) – India, Rajasthan, Bikaner, circa 1730-1740 Drawings; watercolours Opaque watercolor on paper 6 7/8 x 5 1/8 in. (17.46 x 13.02 cm) Gift of the Joseph B. and Ann S. Koepfli Trust in honor of Dr. Pratapaditya Pal South and Southeast Asian Art Source: